Name me a woman that does not dream of being beautiful, waking up in the morning, and not wasting time applying makeup. Such an opportunity appeared for lovely ladies only at the beginning of this century when a service now known as permanent makeup (also known as a cosmetic tattoo or micro-pigmentation), appeared in big cities and central metro areas. Interest in the procedure does not subside today. At the service of the beautiful women, there are various methods and techniques of permanent makeup execution, allowing you to look great at any time of the day or night.
Permanent Makeup: Introduction to the Procedure
Although it’s called permanent, this does not mean that such makeup will remain forever. The duration of the effect is several years, and then you can again resort to the help of a beautician. The procedure is sometimes also known as cosmetic tattooing, and while they are not exactly the same, in fact, it does not differ much from a regular tattoo – in the same way as with a tattoo, a special coloring pigment is used and injected under the skin, but just to a different skin depth. Only the area of influence is slightly different. Permanent makeup is done on areas that women usually paint with cosmetics, so it turns out a kind of symbiosis between a tattoo and make-up.
In addition to the place of application, permanent makeup differs from tattooing by the type of pigments used. They are more gentle and therefore do not stay under the skin forever (as we said – permanent makeup stays on the skin for a few years). So, to sum it up, permanent makeup is a cosmetic procedure for injecting a special pigment into the upper layers of the skin. This pigment is able to give natural brightness and saturation to lips, eyebrows, and eyes.
Tattooing vs. Permanent Makeup
As we previously mentioned, many people mistakenly believe that permanent makeup and tattooing are the same procedure. However, as there are some similarities, the procedures are different from each other:
- The pigment that is injected during permanent make-up has a glycerin base, while alcohol is used for tattooing.
- Permanent make-up is injected into the dermis to a deeper level of 1–1.5 mm, permanent make-up involves the introduction of color to a depth of 0.8 mm.
- Permanent makeup has brighter pigments, while permanent makeup uses natural colors.
- Gradually, the color of permanent make-up dissolves, after 3-5 years it disappears altogether, while the permanent makeup disappears forever.
- Disposable instruments or special PMU tattoo pens are used during the permanent makeup procedure. Tattooing is performed using a special machine with replaceable sterilized attachments.
- Permanent makeup is considered less painful than tattooing.
- There is a use case for permanent makeup when it’s used to conceal tattoos.
Types of Permanent Makeup
Not only eyebrows can be made beautiful and have makeup for a long period of time. Permanent makeup has wider boundaries. Those are the parts of the body where permanent makeup is usually applied to.
Permanent eyebrow makeup includes several options:
- Microblading. First, with the help of a special nozzle, the master draws individual hairs that add color and splendor, and give the correct shape to real eyebrows;
- Second, Feathering – natural pigment fills the space between the hairs;
- Powdery – the pigment is applied to the eyebrow area pointwise for a natural effect;
- Nano-spray – in this case, there is no clear outline, and the pigment itself gives the desired volume and makes the color brighter;
- Ombre – with the help of several shades of pigment and soft shading, the eyebrows are drawn with light colors at the bridge of the nose and darker at the tips;
There are several techniques for permanent lip makeup:
- Contour – ideal for middle-aged ladies. The make-up corrects the diffuse shape of the lips. Visually, the lips look outlined with a pencil;
- Shaded Contour – The permanent gives the lips a clear, graceful contour and vibrant color. The effect of smeared lipstick visually increases the volume of the lips;
- Naturel is a technique of using natural and natural ingredients. Such a slight adjustment is difficult to notice;
- Light Kayal – Suitable for perfect lip shape. A light pigment is injected along the contour of the lips, giving additional volume;
- Aquarelle – a dull natural pigment is shaded over the entire area of the lips without a clear outline;
- Permanent lipstick – in this case, the pigment is selected most carefully, since it completely fills the lip area;
- The 3D technique is considered the most challenging type of permanent. It masks the uneven asymmetrical shape of the lips, gives the desired volume, and makes the natural color richer. The procedure takes a long time, as it is performed in several sessions when using several colors;
Permanent eye makeup, in turn, involves the following options.
- Arrows – this technique uses the drawing of an elegant arrow of any desired shape, thickness, or bends;
- Shaded arrows – using pigment to create a smoky-ice effect by spot application for smooth natural shading;
- Drawing the lash line – using the point technique, the space between the eyelashes is filled;
How Is Permanent Makeup Process Look Like
The first step, it’s the consultation and selection of a permanent makeup artist. The professional and the patient select the colors, types, and techniques of makeup, based on the desired result.
Then it’s the initial substance tolerance test. In rare cases, makeup can be difficult for the skin to absorb. We need to verify that it won’t happen in our case. It’s followed up by cleansing the treated areas. Antiseptic treatment with a hypoallergenic agent.
Now it’s time for a sketch. Before starting the application, you need to mark the area with a special pencil and apply local anesthesia. In most types of permanent make-up, the affected area needs to be numbed.
The main stage. Permanent makeup application. The pigment is introduced by the apparatus into the skin to a shallow depth with the help of permanent makeup kits. It will be finalized with treatment with care products. The area needs to be treated as it is a little irritated after the session. Next, you will receive a consultation on proper care. The master tells how to properly care for the makeup so that it lasts a long time and explains other rules and nuances.
After the Permanent Makeup Procedure
You need to know that several more procedures may be needed to achieve the desired effect of the permanent makeup. This is due to the fact that the pigment can behave unpredictably and in one place it will be more noticeable, in another weaker. But, it comes down only to the need to align the color a bit.
So, what else do clients who have done a permanent tattoo need to know:
- After applying permanent makeup on the eyes and lips, temporary swelling is possible in the places where the pigment is injected.
- Until the skin in the affected area is completely healed, it is undesirable to apply cosmetics. Wait with those a bit for about a week, you will need to refuse to visit the pool, sauna, and baths.
- A day after the procedure, you will need to use creams that stimulate skin regeneration, for faster healing of the skin in the affected area remains sensitive, therefore, until complete recovery, it must be protected from ultraviolet radiation.
- Final rehabilitation usually occurs 3-4 weeks after the procedure.
To avoid complications after applying permanent makeup, you must follow all the instructions of the cosmetologist. You need to know that permanent makeup has its own duration. After a while, it fades and an additional procedure is required. Some do it annually or every 2 years.
The advantage of permanent makeup or tattooing is the accentuated natural beauty. However, these procedures are not identical to each other. The difference between tattooing is a deeper penetration into the skin of a needle with a coloring pigment. A tattoo stays with a person for life, and then everyone chooses for themselves which method to use to improve their appearance.
The result of make-up largely depends on the characteristics of the organism. Pigment lays down differently for everyone, therefore, to obtain an ideal result, the tattoo must be corrected immediately after healing. Without the timely implementation of this procedure, the desired effect will not be obtained and the permanent makeup will have to be repeated again in a year.